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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Inspiring discovery through free access to biodiversity knowledge. | The Biodiversity Heritage Library improves research methodology by collaboratively making biodiversity literature openly available to the world as part of a global biodiversity community.

BHL also serves as the foundational literature component of the Encyclopedia of Life .

The Biodiversity Heritage Library (BHL) is a consortium of natural history and botanical libraries that cooperate to digitize the legacy literature of biodiversity held in their collections and to make that literature available for open access and responsible use as a part of a global “biodiversity commons.” The BHL consortium works with the international taxonomic community, rights holders, and other interested parties to ensure that this biodiversity heritage is made available to a global audience through open access principles. In partnership with the Internet Archive and through local digitization efforts, the BHL has digitized millions of pages of taxonomic literature, representing nearly 100,000 titles and over 160,000 volumes.

108,738
RESULTS


collections 5
texts 108,733
TOPIC
Science 6,972
Natural history 6,607
Botany 5,243
Flowers Seeds Catalogs 4,732
Plants 4,533
Vegetables Seeds Catalogs 4,387
Zoology 4,316
Plants, Ornamental Catalogs 3,591
Periodicals 3,148
Birds 3,049
Fruit Catalogs 2,593
Flowers Catalogs 2,574
Nurseries (Horticulture) Catalogs 2,226
Insects 2,136
Entomology 2,010
Seeds Catalogs 1,950
Shrubs Catalogs 1,823
Mollusks 1,821
Gardening Equipment and supplies Catalogs 1,818
Bulbs (Plants) Catalogs 1,733
Geology 1,719
Fishes 1,465
Fisheries 1,411
Trees Seedlings Catalogs 1,376
Paleontology 1,360
Fruit trees Seedlings Catalogs 1,354
Gardening 1,283
Biology 1,274
Agriculture 1,204
Insect pests Control United States Periodicals 1,187
Nurseries (Horticulture) 1,123
Trees Catalogs 1,018
Grasses Seeds Catalogs 990
Nursery stock Catalogs 959
Agricultural implements Catalogs 891
Fruit Seeds Catalogs 785
Trees 747
1809-1884 739
Insect pests 739
Engelmann, George, 737
botany 729
Seeds 722
Fishery resources 718
Flowers 705
Fruit trees Catalogs 700
Correspondence 697
Forests and forestry 697
Bulbs (Plants) Seeds Catalogs 695
Scientific expeditions 693
Horticulture 681
Vegetables Catalogs 649
Roses Catalogs 647
Letters 600
Lepidoptera 595
Nursery stock 574
Ethnology 571
Marine biology 561
Classification 512
Beetles 501
Fruit 472
Pictorial works 471
Mammals 468
Anatomy, Comparative 465
Oceanography 423
Seed industry and trade Catalogs 412
Ornithology 409
Bees 398
Animals 392
Shrubs 385
Vegetables 382
Horses 376
Strawberries Catalogs 363
genealogy 355
Shells 351
Horticulture Equipment and supplies Catalogs 349
Crustacea 347
Fruit-culture 341
Beneficial insects 339
Bulbs (Plants) 339
Plants, Ornamental, Catalogs 325
Trees Seeds Catalogs 318
Poultry 315
Botanical specimens 313
Nursery stock New York (State) Catalogs 307
Ornamental trees Catalogs 305
Gardening Catalogs 301
Plants, Ornamental 296
Roses 295
North America 294
Fruit Seedlings Catalogs 286
Smithsonian Institution 285
Marine animals 279
Microscopy 274
Hunting 265
Reptiles 259
Botanists 258
Medicine 258
Physiology 257
Nursery stock Pennsylvania Philadelphia Catalogs 256
Horticulture Catalogs 253
Nursery stock New York (State) New York Catalogs 253
Evolution 251
Nurseries (Horticulture) Iowa Shenandoah 245
Fruit trees 243
Garden tools Catalogs 237
Plant diseases 236
Butterflies 234
Fishing 226
Fruit-culture Catalogs 224
Plants Catalogs 222
Albatross (Steamer) 219
Fisheries -- United States 218
Nursery stock Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 215
Early works to 1800 214
Invertebrates 211
Grasses 210
Vegetables, Seeds, Catalogs 210
Fungi 209
Cereal grasses Catalogs 207
Commercial catalogs Seeds 207
Marine Biology 205
Gardening United States Equipment and supplies Catalogs 204
Madagascar 203
Histology 201
Plants, Ornamental Seeds Catalogs 200
Natural history -- Periodicals 198
Flowers, Seeds, Catalogs 197
Evergreens Catalogs 195
Botany, Medical 194
Catalogs and collections 192
Animal behavior 188
Fruit trees, Seedlings, Catalogs 187
Commercial catalogs 186
Science -- Societies, etc 185
Fruit, Catalogs 184
Seed industry and trade 183
Catalogs 182
Nurseries (Horticulture) New York (State) Catalogs 182
Amphibians 181
Sciences 179
Veterinary medicine 179
Science -- Periodicals 176
Wildlife conservation -- United States 176
Game and game-birds 173
Graphic media : 172
Harvard University. Museum of Comparative Zoology 172
Plants, Cultivated 172
Ichthyology 168
Pteridophyta 167
Nurseries (Horticulture) Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 166
Flowers, Catalogs 165
Mollusks, Fossil 165
Climbing plants Catalogs 159
Rose culture 158
Botanical gardens 157
Identification 157
Discoveries in science 155
Smithsonian Institution. Archives 155
Birds -- Periodicals 154
Embryology 154
Algae 153
United States 153
Floriculture 152
Cactaceae 151
Ornamental shrubs Catalogs 151
Gardens 150
Mathematics 150
Fish trade 149
1810-1888 148
Microscopes 148
Missouri Botanical Garden 145
Diptera 144
Gray, Asa, 144
Medicinal plants 144
Poultry Equipment and supplies Catalogs 142
Flowers Seeds Massachusetts Boston Catalogs 141
Nursery stock California Catalogs 141
Phytogeography 141
Heredity 140
John Lewis Childs (Firm) 140
Botany, Economic 139
Nursery stock Ohio Catalogs 136
Forests and forestry United States Periodicals. 135
Plants -- Classification 134
Anatomy 133
Natuurwetenschappen 133
Pinaceae 132
Antarctica 131
Compositae 131
Bacteriology 129
Grain Seeds Catalogs 129
Forage plants 128
Livestock 127
Humanities 126
Biologie 125
Fruit trees Seeds Catalogs 125
Marine invertebrates 125
Natural history museums 125
Cactus Catalogs 124
Liliaceae 121
LANGUAGE
english 73,179
german 12,912
french 9,773
latin 2,051
undetermined 1,938
italian 1,886
spanish 1,159
dutch 992
chinese 968
swedish 786
SHOW DETAILS
Title
Date Published
Creator
botanicus
7,251
ITEMS
3.1M
VIEWS
3.1M
Botanicus is a freely accessible portal to historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H. Raven Library. Botanicus is made possible through support from the Institute of Museum and Library Services, W.M. Keck Foundation, and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
Topic: botanicus biodiversity missouri botanical garden library
Chinese Academy Science
1,035
ITEMS
553,818
VIEWS
553,818
The Chinese Academy of Science
Topic: chinese academy science
darwinslibrary
313
ITEMS
168,351
VIEWS
168,351
A scholarly edition of Darwin's scientific archive.
Topic: charles darwin biodiversity heritage library missouri botanical garden
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956
70,578
3
1
Includes bibliographies
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Bacteriology, Bacteria -- classification, Bacteriology
29,252
Biodiversity Heritage Library Seed & Nursery Catalogs
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Dieter, George Ellwood
28,341
7
3
Includes bibliography
( 3 reviews )
Topics: Strength of materials, Physical metallurgy, Metal-work
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Snodgrass, R. E. (Robert E.), 1875-1962
25,794
51
5
Insects, their way and means of living. Copy 1 (STRI) 7718. 362 p. illus.
( 5 reviews )
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Thompson, D'Arcy Wentworth, 1860-1948
23,349
13
1
Includes bibliographical references and index
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Growth, Biology
19,015
The Library, Art & Archives of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew was established 160 years ago and contains one of the largest collections of material in the world relating to botany. The collections comprise 300,000 printed volumes, 5,000 journal titles and 11,000 maps. The Art and Illustrations Collection is without equal and is made up of over 200,000 items – watercolours, prints, drawings, oil paintings and photographs – by some of the finest artists working in the field of botanical...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Piper, Robert G
18,995
0
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topic: Fish hatcheries -- Management
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
The metadata below describe the original scanning. Follow the "All Files: HTTP" link in the "View the book" box to the left to find XML files that contain more metadata about the original images and the derived formats (OCR results, PDF etc.). See also the What is the directory structure for the texts? FAQ for information about file content and naming conventions.
Topic: Poultry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Afanas'eva, I. N; Chibisova, O. I; Koziar, L. A
14,722
0
2
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Biology -- English, Biology -- Russian
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ingersoll, Ernest, 1852-1946
13,832
2
0
Topics: Birds -- Folklore, Birds
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Beveridge, W. I. B. (William Ian Beardmore), 1908-
13,791
8
0
Topic: Research
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
12,830
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Stains and staining (Microscopy), Stains and Staining, Dyes
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
12,392
0
0
Bibliography: p. xi-xix
Topics: Soil microbiology, Microorganisms
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology. Committee on Bacteriological Technic
12,209
1
1
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Microbiology -- Technique, Bacteriology -- Cultures and culture media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Smithsonian Institution
11,698
0
0
Vols. 45, 47, 48, 50 and 52 were published as "Quarterly issue, v. 1-5, 1903-10", designed as a medium for the early publication of the results of researches and for reports of a preliminary nature; this form of publication was discontinued after v. 52
Topic: Science
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Hambly, Wilfrid Dyson, 1886-
11,506
0
0
Includes bibliographical references (p. 482-495) and index
Topics: Frederick H. Rawson-Field museum ethnological expedition to West Africa, 1929-1930, Ethnology --...
Bibliographies interspersed
Topic: Insects
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
11,095
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Chidester, Floyd Earle, 1884-1947
11,065
1
0
Contains bibliographies
Topic: Zoology
Bibliography: 7th prelim. page
Topics: Electronics, Physics, German language
Includes bibliographic references
( 2 reviews )
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain)
10,749
1
0
Topics: Royal Colonial Institute (Great Britain), Great Britain -- Colonies Periodicals
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
10,715
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
The Library of Congress
10,640
1
0
Topic: Mink farming
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Humason, Gretchen L
10,632
0
0
Topics: Histology -- Technique, Stains and staining (Microscopy), Histochemistry -- Technique
Topic: Plants
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Army. Corps of Engineers; Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
10,280
3
0
Includes bibliographies and index
Topics: Coastal engineering, Shore protection
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by American Society for Microbiology; Breed, Robert S. (Robert Stanley), 1877-1956; Bergey, D. H. (David Hendricks), 1860-1937; Hitchens, Arthur Parker, 1877-; Murray, Everitt George Dunne, 1890-
10,190
0
0
Topics: Bacteriology, Schizomycetes, Bacteriologia
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Kirtikar, Kanhoba Ranchoddas, 1849-1917; Basu, Baman Das, 1867-1930
10,049
2
0
The letters I.C.S. in title probably refer to "an able member of the Indian civil service," who assisted in the botanical description. cf. Pref., p. [v]-vi
Topics: Botany, Botany, Medical
Includes bibliographical references (pt. 1, p. 132-165) and index
Topic: Birds -- Europe
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Mann, Thaddeus, 1908-
9,963
1
0
Topics: Semen, Spermatozoa, Genitalia, Male, Semen
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Willis, J. C. (John Christopher), 1868-1958
9,828
1
0
Topic: Botany
Topic: Culture Media
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Groombridge, B., Jenkins, M.D., UNEP-WCMC
9,770
2
0
Source: London, UK
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
9,740
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
9,722
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
"Abbreviations and publication references" : p. 77-78
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Materia medica -- Iran, Botany, Medical, Botany -- Iran, Botany -- Iraq, Medicine -- Formulae,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
9,633
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Almeida Pinto, Joaquim de; Cmara, Manuel Arruda da, 1752?-1811?; Almeida Pinto, Zeferino
9,586
1
0
Topic: Plants -- Brazil
Bibliography: p. 183-188
Topics: Pteridophyta, Botany -- Morphology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,459
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Ortner, Donald J; Aufderheide, Arthur C; International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences (12th : 1988 : Zagreb, Croatia)
9,449
0
0
Based on a symposium held during the International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Zagreb, Yugoslovia, July 24-31, 1988
Topic: Paleopathology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,361
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
9,353
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Suolahti, Viktor Hugo, 1874-
9,230
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topics: German language -- Etymology, Birds -- Nomenclature, Birds -- Germany
The Library of Congress
by Korinek, Charles James, 1880- [from old catalog]
9,126
1
0
Topic: Cattle
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Little, Elbert Luther, 1907-; Wadsworth, Frank H. (Frank Howard)
9,014
4
1
Bibliography: p. 18
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Trees -- Puerto Rico, Trees -- Virgin Islands of the United States
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Peterson, William Harold, 1880-; Strong, Frank Morgan
8,955
1
0
Includes bibliographical references
Topic: Biochemistry
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Científica "Antonio Alzate
8,952
0
0
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
At head of title: The flora of South Africa
Topics: Plants, Plant names, Popular
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Coastal Engineering Research Center (U.S.)
8,871
1
2
Supersedes its Technical report no. 4: Shore protection, planning, and design
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Shore protection, Beach erosion, Coastal zone management
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Académie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique; yale de Belgique. Collection in-40; ©moires sur les questions proposées
8,824
0
0
Superseded in part by: Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, Mémoires de la Classe des sciences - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-40, Mémoires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique. Collection in-80, and: M©moires de la Classe des lettres et des sciences morales et politiques et de la Classe des beaux-arts - Académie royale de Belgique....
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,821
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Cientfica Argentina; Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1st : 1898 : Buenos Aires, Argentina); Congreso Cientfico Latino Americano (1910 : Buenos Aires, Argentina)
8,755
0
0
The society organized the "Congreso Cientifico Latino Americano" held in Buenos Aires in 1898, and the "Congreso Cientifico International Americano" held in the same city in 1910; the results of these congresses (organization, membership, etc., and some of the papers) were published in the Anales, v. 45, 1898, and v. 69-70, 1910
Topics: Science, Science -- Argentina
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
8,661
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by United States. Soil Conservation Service
8,588
0
1
Includes bibliographical references
( 1 reviews )
Topics: Botany, Botany -- United States, Botany -- Canada, Botany -- Caribbean Area, Phytogeography --...
botanicus
by Asiatic Society (Calcutta, India)
8,586
0
0
Topics: Asia, India
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
8,539
0
0
Topics: Natural history, Natural history -- Spain
Two vols. bound together
Topic: Plants -- Cuba
Includes bibliography
Topics: Protozoa, Pathogenic, Veterinary protozoology, Medical protozoology
Some issues published out of chronological sequence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.); Marine Biological Laboratory (Woods Hole, Mass.). Annual report 1907/08-1952; Lillie, Frank Rattray, 1870-1947; Moore, Carl Richard, 1892-; Redfield, Alfred Clarence, 1890-1983
8,412
0
0
Vols. 17, 21-105 contain Annual reports of the Marine Biological Laboratory for 1907/08-1952
Topics: Biology, Zoology, Biology, Marine Biology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Botanischer Verein, Munich; Botaniska sällskapet, Stockholm; Association internationale des botanistes; Deutsche Botanische Gesellschaft
8,371
0
0
Includes section "Neue Literatur" (earlier, "Literatur") which forms a separate vol., 1902-19 (v. 91, 94, 97, 100, etc.)
Topics: Botany, Botany
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Cowdry, E. V. (Edmund Vincent), 1888-1975
8,354
0
0
Topics: Microscopy -- Technique, Microscopes -- Technique, Diagnosis, Laboratory, Microscopy, Technology,...
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Young, J. Z. (John Zachary), 1907-
8,292
3
2
( 2 reviews )
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates, Fossil
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Walter, Herbert Eugene, b. 1867; Sayles, Leonard Perkins, 1902-
8,291
1
0
Bibliography: p. 833-835
Topics: Vertebrates, Vertebrates -- Anatomy, Anatomy, Comparative
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Harvey, E. Newton (Edmund Newton), 1887-1959
8,248
0
0
Bibliography: p. 601-669
Topics: Luminescence, Phosphorescence, Fluorescence
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Sociedad Española de Historia Natural
8,238
0
0
Suspended July 1937-Dec. 1939
Topic: Natural history
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Concilium Bibliographicum
8,187
0
0
Zoologischer Anzeiger Register
Topic: Zoology
Biodiversity Heritage Library
by Waksman, Selman A. (Selman Abraham), 1888-1973
8,146
1
0
Bibliography: v. 1, p. 278-318
Topic: Actinomycetales